Not all judges in Florida are elected to office. Supreme Court Justices and Judges of the District Court of Appeal are always appointed by the Governor from a list of three to six candidates presented by the Judicial Nominating Commission for that court.
Once appointed, they must serve at least one year before the next general elected and, thereafter, must face a "yes" or "no" vote every six years as to whether they will remain in office.
If a judge is not retained the appointment process starts again. Further information can be obtained from the Florida State Courts website at www.flcourts.org.
Judicial Merit Retention Website
Elected circuit judges and county court judges have six year terms that begin on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January following the general election. They are on the primary and general election ballots the year before the term ends in January.
If a judicial candidate receives a majority of the votes at the primary election, the candidate's name will not appear on the general election ballot unless a write-in candidate has qualified for the same office.
If no candidate receives a majority of the votes at the primary election, the names of the two candidates receiving the highest number of votes will appear on the general election ballot. The candidate receiving the highest number of votes at the general election is elected to office.